Twice a year, the Top500 Project releases a list of the 500 sites with the most powerful supercomputers. The purpose of the list is "to provide a reliable basis for tracking and detecting trends in high-performance computing." The latest version was unveiled in June, and this site examines some of the most important developments and newcomers to the list. Most important is the recently constructed Earth Simulator in Japan, which was rated almost five times more powerful than second place. Additional analysis shows other information about the direction of supercomputing, such as performance projections and country shares of the top 500. A detailed report on recent supercomputers, looking at different architectural classes, can be also found on the site.